How the antimicrobial effects of cannabis can help combat viruses like the novel coronavirus, COVID19, and influenza?
“Antimicrobial” means, related to microbes, or microorganisms, are microscopic organisms so small that they cannot see them with the naked eye. Microorganisms include bacteria, fungi, archaea, protists. They are among the earliest known life forms. Then there are viruses. Viruses are not alive, they are extremely small, 1000 times smaller than bacteria. They are packets of genetic information that attach and insert their packets of information into cells where they use the cell’s machinery to make more copies of the virus. That is how they reproduce and are spread from person to person. An antimicrobial agent kills microorganisms or stops their growth. Antimicrobial agents can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against. For example, antibiotics are used against bacteria, antifungals are used against fungi, and anti-virals are used against viruses.
Cannabis contains antibacterial cannabinoids with the potential to address antibiotic-resistant infections. All five major cannabinoids including cannabidiol (CBD), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG), Delta (9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and cannabinol (CBN), showed potent activity against a variety of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).